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Introduction to @ima/cli

The IMA.js CLI allows you to build and watch your application for changes during development. These features are handle by the only two currently supported commands build and dev.

You can always list available commands by running:

npx ima --help
note

npx comes pre-installed with npm 5.2+ and higher.

This should produce following output:

Usage: ima <command>

Commands:
ima build Build an application for production
ima dev Run application in development watch mode

Options:
--version Show version number [boolean]
--help Show help [boolean]

Development

The npx ima dev command starts the application in the development mode with HMR, error-overlay, source maps and other debugging tools enabled.

By default the application starts on http://localhost:3001 with companion dev server running at http://localhost:3101. These can be further customized through the app environment settings and CLI arguments.

You can also run npx ima dev --help to list all available options that you can use:

ima dev

Run application in development watch mode

Options:
--version Show version number [boolean]
--help Show help [boolean]
--clean Clean build folder before building the application [boolean] [default: true]
--clearCache Deletes node_modules/.cache directory to invalidate loaders cache [boolean]
--verbose Use default webpack CLI output instead of custom one [boolean]
--ignoreWarnings Webpack will no longer print warnings during compilation [boolean]
--open Opens browser window after server has been started [boolean] [default: true]
--legacy Runs application in legacy mode [boolean] [default: false]
--forceLegacy Forces runner.js to execute legacy client code [boolean] [default: false]
--forceSPA Forces application to run in SPA mode [boolean] [default: false]
--writeToDisk Write static files to disk, instead of serving it from memory [boolean] [default: false]
--reactRefresh Enable/disable react fast refresh for React components [boolean] [default: true]
--lazyServer Enable/disable lazy init of server app factory [boolean] [default: true]
--port Dev server port (overrides ima.config.js settings) [number]
--hostname Dev server hostname (overrides ima.config.js settings) [string]
--publicUrl Dev server publicUrl (overrides ima.config.js settings) [string]
info

Any of the above mentioned options can be combined together in all different combinations and all options have specified default value. This means that in normal cases you can run npx ima dev without any additional arguments.

Build

Builds the application in production mode with all optimizations enabled (compression, minification, etc.). The build command drops some options compared to the dev command. While adding few build specific commands. npx build --help produces:

ima build

Build an application for production

Options:
--version Show version number [boolean]
--help Show help [boolean]
--clean Clean build folder before building the application [boolean] [default: true]
--clearCache Deletes node_modules/.cache directory to invalidate loaders cache [boolean]
--verbose Use default webpack CLI output instead of custom one [boolean]
--ignoreWarnings Webpack will no longer print warnings during compilation [boolean]
--profile Turn on profiling support in production [boolean] [default: false]

CLI options

Most of the following options are available for both dev and build commands, however some may be exclusive to only one of them. You can always use the --help argument to show all available options for each command.

tip

When you run into any issues with the application build, you can always run the app with npx ima dev --clearCache to make sure that all cache and tmp files are deleted before next build and see if this resolves your issues.

Similarly you can use the --verbose option to show more information during build that can aid you in debugging process in case anything happens.

--version

Prints @ima/cli version.

--help

Prints help dialog.

--clean

boolean = true

Deletes ./build folder before running the application.

--clearCache

boolean = false

Clears ./node_modules/.cache folder. This is used to store webpack filesystem cache and other webpack loader and plugins cache.

--verbose

boolean = false

Disables custom CLI logging style in favor of default webpack CLI verbose. This can be useful for debugging.

--ignoreWarnings

boolean = false

Ignore reporting of webpack warning messages. The CLI automatically caches all existing warnings and shows just new warnings rebuilds in watch mode.

--open

boolean = true

Enable/disable auto opening of app URL in the browser window on startup.

tip

If you find this option annoying, you can completely disable this feature across all IMA.js applications by putting IMA_CLI_OPEN=false in your environment.

--legacy

boolean = false

By default the CLI only builds es version of JS files in development mode. Use this option to enable additional build of non es version.

--forceLegacy

boolean = false

Enables legacy mode and forces runner.js to load legacy code even if targeted browser supports the latest client es version.

--forceSPA

boolean = false

Forces the application to run in SPA mode.

--profile

boolean = false

Disables some optimizations to allow for better debugging while also trying to be as close to the production build as possible. Currently this option disables mangling of classes and functions, which produces more readable stack traces.

--writeToDisk

boolean = false

By default the app client static files are served from memory in dev mode. Using this option you can force webpack to write these files and serve them from the disk.

tip

This option can be useful in some cases where you need to take a look at the compile source code, where it's easier to browse these files locally, rather than on the static server.

--reactRefresh

boolean = true

Disable/enable react fast refresh for React components.

tip

Disable this option if you are watching and editing node_modules files, this may result in less performant but more stable HMR experience.

--lazyServer

boolean = true

Disable/enable lazy init of server app factory.

Dev server options

Following options are used to customize the companion dev server location (only for dev command). These can be useful if you have some special dev environment, where you have an issue with the default configuration.

note

If you provide port and hostname, you don't need to define the publicUrl, the CLI will create it automatically, unless the publicUrl is completely different than the hostname and port provided.

--port

number

Dev server port.

--hostname

string

Dev server hostname, for example: localhost, or 127.0.0.1.

--publicUrl

string

Dev server public url, for example: http://localhost:3101.